Resources

The Principles of Proportionality are the Principles of Representation

A party or cohesive group of voters should win seats in a representative body in fair proportion to the votes they win; that does not happen in winner-take-all elections.

“In a democratic government, the right of decision belongs to the majority, but the right of representation belongs to all.”

How else would you even know who the “majority” really is, or what it really wants?

Communities of color don’t win power by being districted where they’re segregated. They win power by joining their votes with each other and political allies, wherever they happen to live. And by not being segregated.

The arc of racial justice in the United States must bend towards the right to vote, and towards representation.

They haven’t always kept pace. It’s impossible to view the “current political climate” apart from race.

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Multi-party democracy is what happens whenever PR is used elsewhere; it’s what would also happen with PR in the United States.

People of color gain when there are more political parties to choose from… and be part of.

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Lani Guinier: A voice America needed to hear, but was denied the chance.

A voice we must hear now.

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Remedies under the Voting RIghts Act(s) -- a better way to represent the interests of People of Color.

Successfully used under the federal VRA since 1988; state VRAs can make it easier.

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Remedies under the Voting RIghts Act(s) -- a better way to represent the interests of People of Color.

Successfully used under the federal VRA since 1988; state VRAs can make it easier.

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When PR was given a chance in the US, it effectively represented the interests of political and racial minorities.

That’s why hostile majorities usually took away that opportunity

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Single Transferable Vote (STV), a multi-winner form of ranked choice voting, is a preferred form of proportional representation in the US.

Learn more, including how it works.

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There are different ways to honor the principle of proportionality, at all levels of government.

here are also important ways to recognize and avoid systems that dishonor it. Visit our Racial Equity Voting Systems Primer

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